Stock Market Interactions between the BRICS and the United States: Evidence from Asymmetric Granger Causality Tests in the Frequency Domain


1 Department of Finance, Feng Chia University

2 Department of Economics, Allameh Tabataba'i University and Trade Representative Office of Iran

3 Department of Economics, University of Pretoria


The interaction of BRICS stock markets with the United States is studied using an asymmetric Granger causality test based on the frequency domain. This type of analysis allows for both positive and negative shocks over different horizons. There is a clear bivariate causality that runs both ways between the United States stock market and the respective BRICS markets. In addition, both negative and positive shocks in the United States stock market affect the majority of BRICS markets.


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