The Study of Exchange Rate Fluctuations on the Export Prices of Iranian Food Products (Dynamic Panel Data Approach)


Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran



n this paper, the evaluation of the real exchange rate transfer and the asymmetric transmission of real exchange rate fluctuations to the export prices of food products for the country during the period (2001-2015) was studied using two approaches of PMG and GMM systems. The TGARCH method was used to calculate the real exchange rate fluctuation index and the Markov Switching method was used to calculate the positive and negative shocks of the real exchange rate fluctuation.  The results of the study showed that the real exchange rate transfer was full on the export price of food products in the period under review. The real exchange rate fluctuation has increased production costs, thus increasing the export prices of food products. Export prices also react to positive, negative shocks are not the same exchange rate fluctuations, and the effect of negative shocks, exchange rate volatility has been more than positive shocks.


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