The Relationship between Violent Crime and Misery Index and Women’s Employment Rate in Iran

Authors

1 Department of Economics, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Economics, Petroleum University of Technology, Ahwaz, Iran.

Abstract

The economic status of society does affect both kinds and amounts of violent crimes. This paper is going to analyze the relationships between some economic variables in Iran, on one hand, and violent crimes on the other. Economic growth, misery index, and female employment rate are the main economic variables in this research. Proxies for violent crimes in this paper include the number of intentional murder, the number of unintentional murder, the number of maiming, the number of beating documents and poising documents. Some findings of this paper indicate positive and significant relationships between economic variables and violent crimes in question in Iran in both short run and long run. The period of study is 1981-2017. One policy implication for this work is that increasing the cost of committing a crime, decreasing misery index and progress in economic growth, all can decrease violent crimes in Iran, in the period in question.
 

Keywords