Keeping up with The CISG: A Case of Indonesia


1 Department of Management, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia.

2 Monash Business School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

3 Department of Agro-technology, Universitas Islam Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia.

4 Department of Economics, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia.


Convention on Contracts for International Sales of Goods (CISG) contracts are essential for international trade as this ensures the principle of justice is met globally. Indonesia as a developing country should be aware of the international trade law, as the Indonesian legal system had remained largely unchanged from Dutch colonial heritage since a century and a half ago. Therefore, there is a current debate on whether Indonesia should ratify the CISG or not? This paper offers abundant of consideration in order to answer the question. The aims of this research are: 1) to determine why Indonesia has refrained from ratifying the CISG up to now to, 2) To determine current pressures on Indonesia to ratify CISG, 3) to assess potential advantages of ratification, 4) to assess potential disadvantages of ratification, and 5) To make recommendations with respect to reservations that Indonesia should consider. This paper employs research methods by systematically reviewing the relevant literature. Inclusion criteria will be that (a) sources contain the key terms of “Indonesia” and/or “CISG”, (b) sources are published in English, (c) sources are more recent than 2001. It is discovered that decision makers in Indonesia face the difficult choice of whether staying with an embedded system of rules for contractual disputes of an international or to keep up with the CISG. The majority of opinion appears to suggest that Indonesia needs to reform its economic legislation and ratifying the CISG at the same would be prudent. The challenges for decision makers is choosing an appropriate time and giving the judiciary meaningful instruction on the interpretation of key provisions.


Bell, G. F. (2005). Harmonization of Contract Law in Asia—Harmonizing Regionally or Adopting Global Harmonizations-The Example of the CISG. Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, 3(2), 362-372.
Chodidjah, I. T. J. E. (2007). Teacher Training for Low Proficiency Level Primary English Language Teachers: How it is working in Indonesia. Primary Innovations: A Collection of Papers, Retrieved from
Del Duca, L. F. (2005). Implementation of Contract Formation Statute of Frauds, Parol Evidence, and Battle of Forms CISG Provisions in Civil and Common Law Countries. Retrieved from
Dicey, A. V., Morris, J. H. C., & Collins, L. A. (2000). Dicey and Morris on the Conflict of Laws. London: Sweet & Maxwell.
Fauzi, F. (2016). Regional Financial Management Information Systems, Technology, and Performance. International Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10(4), 422-432.
Felemegas, J. (2000). The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: Article 7 and uniform Interpretation (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). University of Nottingham, UK.
Fong, J. (2015). The CISG: will Widespread Adoption in ASEAN Result in the Growth of Arbitration? Retrieved from
Gutmann, T. (2013). Theories of Contract and the Concept of Autonomy. The Shibolet Private Law Theory Workshop at Tel-Aviv University Faculty of Law, The Zvi Meitar Center for Advanced Legal Studies, March 6.
Haeruddin, M. I. M. (2017). Should I stay or should I go? Human Resource Information System Implementation in Indonesian Public Organizations. European Research Studies, 20(3A), 989-999.
)---------- 2016). (In search for Authenticity: Identity Work Processes among Women Academics in Indonesian Public Universities (Doctoral Dissertation, Curtin University, Australia). Retrieved from
Juwana, H. (2016). Indonesia's Status of Ratification of CISG. Retrieved from
Lengkanawati, N. S. (2004). How Learners from Different Cultural Backgrounds Learn a Foreign Language. Asian EFL Journal, 6(1), 1-8.
Lookofsky, J. (2016). The 1980 United Nations Convention on contracts for the International Sale of Goods. International Encyclopaedia of Laws, Retrieved from
Meng, Z. (2014). Party Autonomy, Private Autonomy, and Freedom of Contract. Canadian Social Science, 10(6), 212-216.
Moss, S. (2005). Why the United Kingdom has not ratified the CISG. Journal of Law and Commerce, 1(1), 483-490.
Murray Jr, J. E. (2001). The Neglect of CISG: A Workable Solution. Journal of Law and Commerce, 17(1), 365-379.
Musa, M. I., Haeruddin, M. I. W., & Haeruddin, M. (2018). Customers’ Repurchase Decision in the Culinary Industry: Do the Big-Five Personality Types Matter? Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, 13(1), 131-137.
Reyes, A. (2014). ASEAN and The Hague Conventions. Asia Pacific Law Review, 22(1), 25-35.
Soni, P. (2014). The Benefits of Uniformity in International Commercial Law with Special Reference to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Pace University, USA.
Sono, H. (2008). Japan's Accession to the CISG: The Asia Factor, 21. Pace International Law Review, 20(3), 105-125.
Spagnolo, L. (2008). Opening Pandora's Box: Good Faith and Precontractual Liability in the CISG. Temple International and Comparative Law Journal, 21(5), 261-270.
Taufiqurrahman, T. (2012). The significance of accession to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods 1980 for Indonesia. Juridical Tribune, 1(1), 57-61.
Taufiqurrahman, T. (2014). Paradigm of Universalistic Particularism to Reform the Indonesian Economic Law in the Framework of Establishing the 2015 ASEAN Economic Community. Juridical Tribune, 12(1), 22-32.
Weda, S., & Sakti, A. E. F. (2018). Factors Influencing Students’ Anxiety in English as a Foreign Language Classroom. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1028(1), 121-129.