Faculty of Economics, Allameh Tabatab'i University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Energy Economics, Faculty of Economics, Allameh Tabatab'i University, Tehran, Iran
Industrial Management Department, Allameh Tabatab'i University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Business Economics, Faculty of Economics, Allameh Tabatab'i University, Tehran, Iran
Technology transfer in the oil industry in developing countries faces many obstacles due to cultural, economic, and political barriers. Therefore, besides preparing the existing infrastructure, the technology transfer process should be undertaken with a more managerial focus. On the other hand, as long as the more effective transfer of imported technology is concerned, Iran's oil industry faces political constraints related to economic sanctions in addition to cultural and economic constraints. In this study, an attempt was made to identify critical variables affecting technology transfer in the Iranian oil industry by the qualitative method using the content analysis technique. The relevant literature review is in the form of a library study. The technology transfer approach in the Iranian oil industry has been based on classifying and presenting the structure based on previous research. An interview with a group of oil industry experts, sampled by the judgmental and snowball techniques, was conducted to review and answer the research question. Finally, the final qualitative model of the research was designed based on causal factors, intervening context, leader, and outcome.