Analyzing the Impact of Economic and Climate Factors on Crime in Iran


1 Faculty of Economics, Department of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Law, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Economics, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran



Some evidence indicates the role of economic variables including unemployment and inflation in committing a crime. However, the researches regarding the role of climate factors on crime are a few. This paper is investigating the climate factors alongside economic ones influencing crime in Iran for the 1984-2020 period. We use the misery index, the combination of inflation and unemployment in this work. One of our hypotheses is that there is a significant relationship between the misery index and committing crimes in Iran. The results indicate that firstly, there are positive and significant relationships between the misery index and economic growth on one hand and the amount of crime on the other. Secondly, there is a positive and significant relationship between climate factors and the number of committed crimes.